- About Neurosurgery
Neurosurgery is the medical specialty concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of disorders which affect any portion of the nervous system, including the brain, spinal column, spinal cord, peripheral nerves and extra-cranial cerebrovascular system.
In Japan, a neurosurgeon must generally complete six years of medical school, a two year-long internship that is usually part of their residency program, and a four-year neurosurgery residency training program.
Neurosurgeons may pursue additional training in the fellowship program after residency, or in some cases, as a senior resident. These fellowships include pediatric neurosurgery, trauma/neurocritical care, functional and stereotactic surgery, surgical neuro-oncology, radiosurgery, neurovascular surgery, interventional neuroradiology, peripheral nerve, spine surgery and skull base surgery. Neurosurgeons can also pursue fellowship training in neuropathology and neuro-ophthalmology.